Choose your side in the Scottish Civil Wars (1637-1651)

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The Civil Wars (1637-51) were an intensely turbulent period in Scotland's History. Beginning with a revolt against Charles I, these years spawned the National Covenant (1638) and the Solemn League and Covenant (1643), under whose banner the Scots engineered a sweeping revolution, intervened in simultaneous conflicts in Ireland and England, experienced multiple spasms of civil unrest, and ultimately suffered defeat and conquest at the hands of Oliver Cromwell. The trauma of these events would shape Scottish History for decades to come

But where would you have stood on these momentous issues? Would you have been a hard-line Covenanter, burning to usher in the reign of King Jesus? Would you have been a staunch Royalist, driven primarily by your loyalty to the king? Or perhaps you would have fallen somewhere in-between. Take out quiz to help decide where your sympathies would have lain during Scotland's Civil Wars.

Created by: Dr Allan Kennedy of Centre for Scottish Culture, Dundee
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  1. What are your feelings about the Prayer Book riots (1637), through which a large section of Scottish society rejected the new Prayer Book imposed by Charles I?
  2. Were you satisfied with the National Covenant's (1638) commitment to resist royal authority in order to protect the true Church?
  3. Was it right to invade and occupy parts of England during the Second Bishops' War (1640)?
  4. Are you happy with the constitutional settlement of 1641, which entrenched Presbyterianism and empowered Parliament at the expense of the king?
  5. Was it right to agree the Solemn League and Covenant (1643) with the English Parliament, as a result of which Scotland entered the English Civil War on Parliament's side?
  6. How do you feel about the Royalist uprising of 1644-5 led by Alasdair MacColla and the Marquis of Montrose?
  7. After Charles I surrendered to the Scottish army (1646), what would your preferred course of action have been?
  8. How do you feel about the Engagement (1647), by which Scotland was committed to re-entering the English Civil Wars in support of Charles I?
  9. Following the execution of Charles I (1649), should Charles II be permitted to come to Scotland?
  10. In the face of imminent English invasion, how important is the Act of Classes (1649), aiming to purge public life, including the army, of Royalists, anti-Covenanters and other 'ungodly' elements?
  11. Was it right for the government to repeal the Act of Classes in 1650, following a series of military defeats?

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Quiz topic: Choose my side in the Scottish Civil Wars (1637-1651)