Basics of Scottish History Quiz: The Essentials

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Over the course of 2020, we at the Centre for Scottish Culture (University of Dundee) have published a range of Scottish History quizzes. Some have been fairly easy, others have been fiendishly hard, but all have been designed to help raise public awareness of Scotland and its past...while having a little fun in the process!

So with 2020 drawing to a close, we thought we'd offer one final quiz to round off the year - 'Basics of Scottish History: The Essentials'. Here you will be faced with 20 questions covering the most essential issues in Scottish History from the 12th to the 20th centuries. Will you prove to be a Scottish History know-it-all? Or will you show yourself up as completely clueless? There's only one way to find out...

Created by: Dr Allan Kennedy of Centre for Scottish Culture, Dundee
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  1. In which year was the Battle of the Standard, which saw the forces of King David I defeated by a smaller English army?
  2. By which treaty in 1174 did William I recognise Henry II of England as his feudal superior?
  3. Which of the following territories were NOT added to the Scottish realm as a result of the Scoto-Norwegian Treaty of Perth (1266)?
  4. What is the name given to the hearings of 1290-2 that resulted in the selection of John Balliol as the new king of Scots, replacing the extinct Canmore dynasty?
  5. In which year was the Declaration of Arbroath sealed?
  6. Succeeding in 1371, who was the first monarch of the Stewart dynasty?
  7. Founded in 1413, which is Scotland’s oldest University?
  8. In which town was King James I assassinated in 1437?
  9. Who in the late 15th century wrote 'The Wallace', an epic poem about the life of William Wallace?
  10. During which battle in 1513 did James IV die, the last British monarch killed in battle?
  11. In which year was Mary, Queen of Scots forced to abdicate?
  12. Which document, signed in 1638, did Scots commit themselves to defending the ‘true Church’ against King Charles I?
  13. Which English soldier served as commander-in-chief of the English army of occupation in Scotland for most of the 1650s?
  14. Who was the last monarch of an independent Scotland?
  15. What was the main battle of the 1715 Jacobite Rising?
  16. First published in 1776, which book by Adam Smith became one of the seminal texts of the Scottish Enlightenment?
  17. In which year was the ‘radical war’, a series of strikes and other unrest that culminated in the ‘battle’ of Bonnymuir?
  18. What did the ‘Edinburgh Seven’ become known for in 1869?
  19. For which Scottish city did Winston Churchill serve as MP between 1908 and 1922?
  20. In which year did the devolved Scottish Parliament first convene?

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