Basics of Scottish History Quiz: Super Simple

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In Scotland, history is never very far from the surface. Whether in the form of a lonely castle, a deserted village, an elegant town-house, or an atmospheric stone-circle, reminders of the past are everywhere, and they help ensure that modern Scotland never forgets that it is a product of its long, complicated, and frequently bloody history.

But how much do YOU know about Scottish History? From kings and queens to battle and revolutions, this quiz will test you on the absolute essentials of Scotland's past. Will you prove yourself a historical know-it-all? Or will you be exposed as completely clueless? There's only one way to find you...

Created by: Dr Allan Kennedy of Centre for Scottish Culture, Dundee
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  1. What is the name given by Tacitus to the battle in c.83CE at which the Caledonii were defeated by the Roman?
  2. Who is traditionally credited with 'founding' Scotland by uniting the Picts with the Scots in 843?
  3. Who became king in 1040, after killing Duncan I?
  4. What was the name of Malcolm III's (r.1058-93) wife, who was later made a saint?
  5. At which skirmish in 1263 was a Norwegian invasion force repelled, effectively ending Norse influence in western Scotland?
  6. Whose death in 1290 sparked a succession crisis that would eventually lead to the Wars of Independence?
  7. In which year was the battle of Bannockburn?
  8. Which king was killed by an exploding cannon in 1460?
  9. About which military and political leader from the Wars of Independence did Blind Harry write an epic poem during the 15th century?
  10. At which battle in 1513 was James IV killed, the last British monarch to die in battle?
  11. In which year was the Scottish Reformation?
  12. In which castle was Mary, Queen of Scots imprisoned after her overthrow, famously escaping in 1568?
  13. Which monarch succeeded Elizabeth I as ruler of England and Ireland in 1603, thereby causing the 'union of the crowns'?
  14. In which decade of the 17th century was the 'Glorious Revolution', which saw the overthrown of James VII in favour of William & Mary?
  15. In which year did the Treaty of Union take effect, uniting Scotland and England into 'Great Britain'?
  16. Which Jacobite heroine is famous for having assisted Bonnie Prince Charles in escaping from the Scottish mainland after the Battle of Culloden (1746)?
  17. Which Blantyre-born missionary and explorer became a national hero in the 19th century as a result of his efforts to discover the source of the River Nile?
  18. In which city in 1919 did a large-scale demonstration in support of striking workers famously turn violent, with the disorder often erroneously said to have been put down by tanks?
  19. Who in 1999 became Scotland's first First Minister?
  20. In which year did the Scottish National Party (SNP) win a Scottish parliamentary election for the first time?

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