Dumb or smart quiz
Problems With the Navy â€¢ Consisted of Gunboats going down the rivers and saltwater ironclads â€¢ The vessels were more complex than wooden warships and technology was first generation â€¢ Navy had no long-term experience â€¢ For wooden ships only one or two could be built at a time â€¢ Coastal shipyards could not handle the building of all those ships â€¢ Solutions of problems led to two major departures from traditional Navy â€¢ There was a new branch within the Navy Department administration which made a special status on the ships â€¢ The technical needs of the program required a higher level of industry than any previous effort What Shaped the Navy â€¢ Ships were ironclad clearly offensive weapons â€¢ Economic resources, industrial resources, political ideas, and strategic shaped Civil War navies â€¢ Program benefited from leadership of dedicated naval officers â€¢ Expansion of industrial bases did not become permanent after the war â€¢ Ironclad program did not economically benefit the participating shipyards â€¢ Naval administrative regression destroyed the independent acquisition system
What Scott did â€¢ Winfield Scott, the Union's general-in-chief, proposed what became known as the "Anaconda Plan." â€¢ Scott saw that the Confederacy had the support of its people â€¢ He also realized that the war would be up to three years for ultimate Union victory. â€¢ Because of the impatience of the North, he called for a naval blockade to surround or â€œstrangleâ€ the Confederacy â€¢ Meanwhile a Union army of about 80,000 men in the West reclaimed the Mississippi River. â€¢ The Union army in April 1861 consisted of only 15,000 men â€¢ Implementing Scott's plan would have a delay to build up the army and prepare for major offensives. Other ideas â€¢ The Northern public and the political leadership in Washington, DC were not willing to be patient â€¢ The New York Tribune began calling for an immediate attack on Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederacy. â€¢ The Tribune placed "On to Richmond!" on the first page of each edition â€¢ That title eventually contributed to President Lincoln's decision to have the Union army attack Confederate forces in the vicinity of Bull Run (Manassas) in Virginia. â€¢ A Confederate counterattack shocked the Union troops, many of which broke and went back to Washington, DC. The Attack â€¢ William Tecumseh Sherman understood that an invasion of the Confederacy would require a well-trained army and excellent leadership. â€¢ It was not until 1864 that the Union army was able to launch a coordinated attack against the Confederacy â€¢ The troops were experienced and could withstand both the rigors of a long and difficult campaign as well as counterattacks and temporary setbacks.