Elements and Principles of Art

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Artists use visual elements and principles like line, color and shape as tools to build works of art. One of the most important things to look for in works of art is the way those works have been designed or put together. To do this means you must know what the ELEMENTS and PRINCIPLES of art are and how they are used to create art objects.

Do you know what the elements and principles of art are? Can you even name a few of them, or how they are used to create a work of art. This quiz was designed to test your knowledge.

Created by: Kathy Hughes of Art Room 222
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1. The element of art that refers to darkness or lightness is_______
color
form
texture
line
value
2. In art,_______means moving, or not at rest.
static
active
collage
intensity
3. The principle of art which deals with the visual weight of objects and forms in an artwork is called ______________.
rhythm
balance
emphasis
harmony
4. A principle of art in which many differences among the elements are used to create added interest in the work is called:
rhythm
emphasis
unity
variety
5. When contrast is used to draw attention to an area, the area that the artist is calling attention to is the:
perspective
focal point
still life
vanishing point
6. A color’s ______________is located directly opposite it on the color wheel.
tint
form
complement
hue
7. A ___ is a color with black added to it.
shade
tint
value
hue
8. A ______ is any color with white added.
shade
tint
hue
value
9. When mixing red and yellow together, the resulting color is:
blue
orange
green
grey
10. When mixing red and blue together, the resulting color is:
yellow
green
blue/green
violet
11. A ______ line goes from side to side and is parallel to the horizon line.
vertical
slanted
straight
horizontal
12. A shape has _________ dimension(s).
one
two
three
four
13. A form has _________ dimension(s).
one
two
three
four
14. The part of a picture closest to the front of the picture plane and to the viewer is called __________.
background
foreground
middleground
perspective
15. The area between, around, above, below and within an object is a definition of ________
picture plane
space
background
foreground
16. By placing one object in front of another an artist can create an illusion of depth. This is called __________.
overlapping
balancing
rhythm
emphasis

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