Equine parasitology

This Equine parasites for the VT students of 2008 to study from for their finials. It was taken strait from the test that we had in class. I hope that it helps out a little bit just to be able to do the test over and over again and not just reading it.

So how did you do on this section? I hope you did better then you thought that you would do. I know that it is helping me by doing this, since when I took one of the other test I got a good score on it and I will be trying them again later.

Created by: xandie
What is your age?
Under 18 Years Old
18 to 24 Years Old
25 to 30 Years Old
31 to 40 Years Old
41 to 50 Years Old
51 to 60 Years Old
Over 60 Years Old
What is your gender?
Male
Female
1. Gastrophilus spp. are maggots that live in the stomach of the horse. This parasite is commonly called the horse bot.
True
False
2. The adult fly of the parasite in question #1 bites the horse with its piercing mouthparts.
True
False
3. The larval form of the parasite in question #1 migrates extensively in the horse
True
False
4. Larvae of horse bots are diagnosed on fecal floatation tests. These larvae cause a great deal of stomach pain even with light burdens. Severe diarrhea may result.
True
False
5. Yellow or cream colored eggs from the parasite in question #1 are seen attached to the horse's hair.
True
False
6. Habronema sp. may cause an open lesion that is called a summer sore or jack sore.
True
False
7. Habronema has a direct life cycle and uses no intermediate host.
True
False
8. Habronema larvea are passed in the feces and don't float well on fecal tests.
True
False
9. Strongyloides westeri lives in the small intestine on the horse. Only female worms are parasitic.
True
False
10. Strongyloides sp. can pass via transmammary, percutaneous (through the skin), and oral routes. Strongyloides is a parasite of confined horses and is mainly seen in the young.
True
False
11. Trichostrongylus axei is a very common parasite of horses and is probably the same parasite that was covered in the ruminant section. It has a Typical Strongyle Ova.
True
False
12. The largest common nematode parasite of the horse in the USA has 3 lips. It is very successful and is seen more frequently in the young horse. It lives in the small intestine. It is and Ascarid and its name is Parascaris equorum.
True
False
13. The parasite in question #12 is only 1/2 inch long.
True
False
14. The parasite in question #12 uses an hepato-tracheal migration and commonly causes severe liver disease and lung disease.
True
False
15. Foals often appear pot-bellied, have rough hair coasts, may have diarrhea, may show CNS sings, and my colic with infections of the parasite in question #12.
True
False
16. Many anthelminthics are effective in treating the parasite in question #12, but pasture and paddock management must be utilized as well.
True
False
17. Eggs of the parasite in question #12 are fragile in the environment.
True
False
18. Strongylus spp. are called blood worms or large strongyles in the horse.
True
False
19. The parasites in question #18 cause very little pathology.
True
False
20. The parasites in question #18 don't migrate except in the bowel wall.
True
False
21. The parasites in question #18 may cause occlusion of the artery that supplies a section of the bowel. This may cause a spasm that results in spastic colic.
True
False
22. All new wormers kill the parasite in question #18 in all its stages and it is easily controlled in the environment.
True
False
23. The parasite in question #18 is not a hookworm and has a small buccal capsule.
True
False
24. Small strongyles may be of many geni and cause high EPG counts. They can cause anemia if present in large numbers. They migrate only in the wall of the bowel and are of relatively small size as adults.
True
False
25. The parasites in question #18 and 24 pass Typical Strongyle Ova in the feces.
True
False
26. Oxyuris equi is the horse pinworm.
True
False
27. The parasite in question #26 causes diarrhea and weight loss.
True
False
28. A unique test using scotch tape is the best test for diagnosing this parasite.
True
False
29. Dictyocaulus arnfeldi, the horse lungworm, is an common equine parasite and its larvae may be commonly floated on fecal floats.
True
False
30. The horse tapeworms, Paranoplacephala and Anaplocephala are not very pathogenic at light levels of parasitism.
True
False
31. The parasites in question #30 have an indirect life cycle.
True
False
32. Babesia occurs in Florida and uses a tick as its intermediate host.
True
False
33. Coccidiosis is an common clinical disease in foals.
True
False
34. The horse evolved to be confined in small pastures.
True
False
35. The fecal test for large animal fecals that we use in class is a ____________ test. It uses ____________ as its sale.
Quantitative & MgSO4
Qualitative & MgSO4
36. The ova counted in the test is question #35 are multiplied by ________ to achieve the EPG. The term EPG means Eggs Per Gram.
5
10
15
20
37. Setaria equi is a very pathogenic parasite.
True
False

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