Biology Midterm Help

This quiz is hopefully going to boost the scores of my biology class on our midterm. I used the review sheet and my teacher's website and his notes to make the questions. Whether or not my teacher opens this quiz up for the class, I studied, and learned a lot from making the quiz.

This quiz does not have every topic on the test. This is a guide for studying , not everything that will be on the test. Please remember that, and do not get mad at me if I leave something out, and you miss it on the midterm.

Created by: Anna
What is your age?
Under 18 Years Old
18 to 24 Years Old
25 to 30 Years Old
31 to 40 Years Old
41 to 50 Years Old
51 to 60 Years Old
Over 60 Years Old
What is your gender?
Male
Female
1. What is the scientific method?
A way that scientists talk via video chat
the idealized way that scientists solve problems/questions
Santos's crazy idea that he made up one morning
A way of idol worshiping the Jonas Brothers
2. What are the six steps of the scientific method?
Purpose, Hypothesis, Materials, Steps, Data, Analysis
Purpose, Hypothesis, Procedure, Chart, Conclusion
Purpose, Hypothesis, Procedure, Data, Data Analysis, Conclusion
Purpose, Procedure, Data Analysis, Draw hearts on your paper
3. What is the Metric System, and why do we use it?
The metric system is the train station that my grandma uses when she comes to San Diego. She uses it because it is close to her house
Length, Volume, and Mass. It is used because it is based on the tens system and is easy to convert.
The metric system is the system first used by England. Since we came from England, we were ordered to follow their commandments.
King Henry Died Binge Drinking Chocolate Milk... yay
4. Mutualism is a symbiotic relationship that means....
both individuals benefit
one individual benefits, the other is harmed
one individual benefits, the other gets nothing
I benefit
5. Which cycle is necessary for protein and occurs mostly in the ground with plants?
Water Cycle
Carbon Cycle
Phosphorus Cycle
Nitrogen Cycle
6. How is ecology organized?
Individual, population, community, Biome, Biosphere
Person, Family, City, State, Country, World
Liquid, Ice, Gas, Solid
Milk, Cheese, Butter, Bread, Eggs, Chicken, Vitamins
7. What is the difference between a food web and a food chain?
A food chain is a very simple, linear diagram of who eats who, a food web is a spiderweb filled with flies and bugs
A food web is a very simple, linear diagram of who can eat who in an are, a food chain is a spiderweb with bugs and flies
A food chain is a very simple, linear diagram of who eats who in an area, a food web is a very complex diagram that is much more stable
A food web is a very simple, linear diagram of who eats who in an area, a food chain is a complex diagram that is much more stable
8. What is the 10% rule?
It means that if you don't study for the test you will probably only 10%
For each animal that we consume, we get ten percent more energy
We only get ten percent of the energy from the sun
It means that each level of the energy pyramid gets only ten percent of the level before it
9. What is so special about vascular plants?
they cannot grow very tall
they have vascular tissue
they can grow tall
they can grow anywhere
they do not have vascular tissue
2, 3, and 4 are correct
10. There are two types of Vascular Tissues... what are they
Xylem transports water, travels up, made up of dead cells
Phloem transports water, travels up, made up of dead cells
Xylem transports sugar, travels down, made up of living cells
Phloem transports sugar, travels down, made up of living cells
Both 1 and 4
Both 2 and 3
11. What is photosynthesis?
The process that photographers can access their synthesized photos
The process that plants use to make food by using sunligh
The process that plants use to make food by using oxygen
The process that plants use to make food by using water
A process that takes place in the chlorophyll
Both 2 and 5
12. What are the two reaction of photosynthesis and where do they occur?
Light Dependent Reaction occurs in the thylakoid
The Light Independent Reaction occurs in the stroma
to produce high energy by using light
to make glucose
ummm this isn't really a question, just an information filled question
13. What does the mitochondria do?
it sorts protein into packages to be sent to different destination
holds things in place
synthesizes protein and other materials for export
transfers food into energy
captures sunlight energy and produces food
14. What do the chloroplasts do?
the support the structure of the cell
captures sunlight and produces food
transfers food into energy
sorts protein to be sent to different destinations
hold things in place
15. The Citric Acid Cycle/Kreb Cycle is what step in cellular respiration and where does it occur?
First Inner Membrane
Second Cytoplasm
Third Matrix
Second Matrix
Third Inner Membrane
First Cytoplasm
16. Which is not a part of the cell theory
All living things are made up of cells
Cells are the basic building blocks of life
Cells contain tiny double helixes called DNA
All cells come from pre-existing cells
17. What is ATP?
ATP is energy for the cell
Adenosine Tri Phosphate
Like guys at the urinals
All of the Above
18. What is the structure of the cell membrane?
A tough outer layer that doesn't let anything enter
A bouncer at a club that only lets in attractive people
mitosis
Interphase
19. What do you wish you were doing right now instead of taking this online review?
Lounging around in a jacuzzi
Sleeping
eating dog food
Eating food
Nothing... I love biology
20. Which organelle acts as temporary storage for materials, food, enzymes, waste, and other necessities?
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Vacuole
Lysosome
Golgi Apparatus
Nucleus
21. What is the order of the cell cycle, or the life of the cell?
GI, Mitosis, G2, S
S, G2, Mitosis, G1
Mitosis, G2, G1, S
G1, S, G2, Mitosis
22. Where do cells spend 90% of their lives?
G1
Mitosis
S
G2
Interphase
23. What is Mitosis?
Cell Division
Prophase, Anaphase, Telophase, and Metaphase, in that order
Telophase, Anaphase, Metaphase, and Prophase, in that order
Anaphase, Metaphase, Prophase, and Telophase, in that order
24. What are the phases of mitosis?
Prophase, Metaphase, Violin, Telophase
Prophase, Metaphase, Nick Jonas, Anaphase
Metaphase, Telophase, Prophase, and Nick Jonas
Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase
25. Who is your favorite Jonas Brother?
Nick Jonas
Nick Jonas
Nick Jonas
Nick Jonas
Nicholas Jerry Jonas, my future husband... PICK THIS ONE
Nick Jonas
26. Why do we undergo Mitosis?
to make more cells
to keep our cells busy
its a nice pick-up line... "Yup... I just underwent Mitosis,"
to keep our skin healthy
27. Which one of these is not a cell transport?
Facilitated Diffusion
Facilitated Osmosis
Diffusion
Active Transport
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
28. Active Transport goes from high concentration to low concentration. True or False
True
False
29. What is the monomer for Lipids?
fatty acids
glycerol
starch
glucose
both 1 and 2
30. Which is not one of the properties of water?
Universal Solvent
Alcohol floats
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface Tension
High Specific Heat
31. Water is polar. What makes it polar?
Water has oxygen
Oxygen has two O bonds at the poles
Water has hydrogen
Oxygen doesn't share its negative charge, causing the hydrogen to be at both ends
32. Which is not true about hydrogen bonds?
there are million of them n one drop of water
they occur between molecules
they are always negatively charged
33. 1. DNA uncoils 2. DNA unzips 3. Free-floating DNA nucleotides base pair with the leading strand of DNA 4. Okazaki fragments base pair upwards by three with the lagging strand 5. DNA glues vertically 6. DNA rezips 7. DNA recoils. What are these steps describing?
Transcription
Translation
Central Dogma
Replication
34. 1. mRNA will go into the ribosome 2. the ribosome will prepare the mRNA for protein making 3. tRNA will bind to its specific amino acid 4. the tRNA aa complex will base pair to the first three letters of the mRNA (codon) 5. the mRNA will move exposing the next codon-the tRNA-aa complex will base pair to it. 6. A peptide will form between the two amino acids. The previous tRNA will pop off. 7. the elongation of the protein continues as in steps 5 and 6. 8. When the ribosome hits a STOP codon, the last tRNA will break off and the protein will be free
translation
transcription
replication
central dogma
35. 1. DNA uncoils 2. DNA unzips 3. free floating RNA nucleotides base pair with the template strand of DNA. 4. Elongation of the mRNA will continue until it hits the termination site (repeating letters) the RNA breaks off and chills in the cytoplasm. 5. rezip DNA. 6. retcoil DNA
translation
transcirption
transexual
replication
36. What is not a difference between DNA and RNA?
DNA occurs only in the Nucleus, RNA occurs both in the nucleus and in the cytoplasm
DNA is a double helix, RNA is a single strand
DNA is scientists favorite, RNA is often discriminated against
DNA has thynine, RNA has Uracil
DNA only has one type, RNA has three
37. Messenger RNA is found when?
translation
transcription
replication
translation and transcription
replication and translation
all three
38. Transfer RNA is found when?
translation
transcription
replication
all three
replication and translation
translation and transcription
39. Ribosomal RNA is found when?
translation
transcription
replication
translation and transcription
all three
replication and translation
40. What is the Central Dogma?
A dogmaking machine in the middle of central park
my dog when it lays in the middle of the house
the process of DNA -> Protein-> RNA
the process of DNA->RNA->Protein
41. What are mutations?
Crazy looking limbs
changes in RNA
changes in DNA
changes in life
42. Lets try this again... Who is your favorite Jonas Brother?
Nick Jonas
Nick Jonas
Nick Jonas
Nick Jonas
Nicholas Jerry Jonas... my future husband.. PICK THIS ONE
Nick jonas

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